Dhamek Stupa is located in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh. It is 13 kilometers from Varanasi. There is also a column of Mauryan Emperor Asoka near this stupa. It is believed that Dhamek stupa located in Deer Park is the place where Lord Buddha gave his first preaching to his disciples. This stupa was raised six times. Despite this, its upper part remained incomplete. The foundation stone of this stupa was laid in Ashoka's time. Its expansion happened in the Kushan period, but it was fully prepared during the Gupta period.
Dhamek Stupa was built in 500 AD in place of a stupa and several other monuments built by Emperor Ashoka in 249 BC. In fact, Emperor Ashoka made many stupas during his reign. In these stupas, the names associated with Gautama Buddha were kept. There is also an Ashoka pillar nearby. It is believed that the Dhekh stupa located in Deer Park is the place where Lord Buddha gave his first preaching to his disciples after getting knowledge. This is where he told the concept of Arya Ashtanga Marg, on which one can attain liberation. This stupa was raised six times Despite this, its upper part remained incomplete.
Regarding the origin of the word 'Dhamek' (Dhemekh), scholars believe that it is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Dharmagya'. But on 11th Century one currency gets the word 'Dhamak Jayate', which seems suspicious to relate it to the word written above its origin. This stupa has been called a 'blast' in this currency. People used to see it with respect and worshiped it. Cunningham has adopted the word 'Dhekhha' as the abbreviation of the Sanskrit word 'Dharampakarta'. It is notable that Buddha first started 'Dharmacharra' here. Hence it is possible that this name has been called 'Dhamha' due to this reason.